Taxon DOI
10.1601/tx.7797
Name
Ehrenberg 1835 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Shivani et al. 2015
Taxonomic Rank
genus
Methodology
Nomenclatural Taxonomy [1980-2016]
Incertae sedis taxa are placed using SOSCC (Garrity and Lilburn 2008)
 
Parent
Taxon RecordName Record
Swellengrebel 1907 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Gupta et al. 2013
Members
Ehrenberg 1835 (Approved Lists 1980)
Zhilina et al. 1996
Zhilina et al. 1996
Hoover et al. 2003
Zhilina et al. 1996
(ex Vinzent 1926) Canale-Parola 1980
Fracek and Stolz 2004
Pohlschroeder et al. 1995
Breznak and Warnecke 2008
Dröge et al. 2006
Pikuta et al. 2009
Greenberg and Canale-Parola 1977 (Approved Lists 1980)
Harwood and Canale-Parola 1983
(ex Hespell and Canale-Parola 1970) Canale-Parola 1980
Shivani et al. 2015
Sravanthi et al. 2015
Dubinina et al. 2011
Noguchi 1912
Miyazaki et al. 2014
Dubinina et al. 2015
Magot et al. 1998
Vishnuvardhan Reddy et al. 2013
Zuelzer 1912 (Approved Lists 1980)
Aksenova et al. 1992
(ex Veldkamp 1960) Canale-Parola 1980
None 2015
CrossRef
Digital Object Identifier
https://doi.org/10.1601/tx.7797
https://doi.org/10.1601/tx.7797
Type Status
Taxonomy
The taxonomic placement of this genus within the root Universal Root.

  Woese et al. 1990
  Woese et al. 1990
  Garrity and Holt 2001 non Spirochaetes Cavalier-Smith 2002
  Paster 2011
  Buchanan 1917 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Gupta et al. 2013
  Swellengrebel 1907 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Gupta et al. 2013
  Ehrenberg 1835 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Shivani et al. 2015

The taxonomy from the rank of class and below is based upon currently published taxonomic opinion. For a complete taxonomy, refer to The Taxonomic Outline of Bacteria and Archaea, Release 7.7.
Taxon Statistics
Based on the method of Garrity and Lilburn (2008).
Microbial Earth
 
Citation
When referring to this Abstract, please use its Digital Object Identifier and cite NamesforLife.
Taxon Abstract for the genus Spirochaeta Ehrenberg 1835 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Shivani et al. 2015. NamesforLife, LLC. Retrieved January 23, 2018. https://doi.org/10.1601/tx.7797.
This information was last reviewed on November 14, 2016.

References


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  2. Pohlschroeder M, Leschine SB, Canale-Parola E. Spirochaeta caldaria sp. nov., a thermophilic bacterium that enhances cellulose degradation by Clostridium thermocellum. Arch Microbiol 1994; 161:17-24.
  3. Pikuta EV, Hoover RB, Bej AK, Marsic D, Whitman WB, Krader P. Spirochaeta dissipatitropha sp. nov., an alkaliphilic, obligately anaerobic bacterium, and emended description of the genus Spirochaeta Ehrenberg 1835. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2009; 59:1798-1804. https://doi.org/10.1099/ijs.0.016733-0 [PubMed].
  4. Greenberg EP, Canale-Parola E. Spirochaeta halophila sp. n., a facultative anaerobe from a high-salinity pond. Arch Microbiol 1976; 110:185-194. [PubMed].
  5. Fracek SP, Stolz JF. Spirochaeta bajacaliforniensis sp. n. from a microbial mat community at Laguna Figueroa, Baja California Norte, Mexico. Arch Microbiol 1985; 142:317-325. [PubMed].
  6. Vishnuvardhan Reddy S, Aspana S, Tushar DL, Sasikala Ch, Ramana ChV. Spirochaeta sphaeroplastigenens sp. nov., a halo-alkaliphilic, obligately anaerobic spirochaete isolated from soda lake Lonar. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2013; 63:2223-2228. https://doi.org/10.1099/ijs.0.046292-0 [PubMed].
  7. Miyazaki M, Sakai S, Yamanaka Y, Saito Y, Takai K, Imachi H. Spirochaeta psychrophila sp. nov., a psychrophilic spirochaete isolated from subseafloor sediment, and emended description of the genus Spirochaeta. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2014; 64:2798-2804. https://doi.org/10.1099/ijs.0.062463-0 [PubMed].
  8. Swellengrebel NH. Sur la cytologie comparée des spirochètes et des spirilles. Ann Inst Pasteur (Paris) 1907; 21:562-586.
  9. Ehrenberg CG. Dritter Beitrag zur Erkenntniss grosser Organisation in der Richtung des kleinsten Raumes. Abhandlungen der Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften (Berlin), 1835, p. 143-336.
  10. Dubinina G, Grabovich M, Leshcheva N, Gronow S, Gavrish E, Akimov V. Spirochaeta sinaica sp. nov., a halophilic spirochaete isolated from a cyanobacterial mat. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2015; 65:3872-3877. https://doi.org/10.1099/ijsem.0.000506 [PubMed].
  11. Canale-Parola E. Revival of the names Spirochaeta litoralis, Spirochaeta zuelzerae and Spirochaeta aurantia. Int J Syst Bacteriol 1980; 30:594-594. https://doi.org/10.1099/00207713-30-3-594.
  12. Dröge S, Fröhlich J, Radek R, König H. Spirochaeta coccoides sp. nov., a novel coccoid spirochete from the hindgut of the termite Neotermes castaneus. Appl Environ Microbiol 2006; 72:392-397. https://doi.org/10.1128/AEM.72.1.392-397.2006 [PubMed].
  13. Zhilina TN, Zavarzin GA, Rainey F, Kevbrin VV, Kostrikina NA, Lysenko AM. Spirochaeta alkalica sp. nov., Spirochaeta africana sp. nov., and Spirochaeta asiatica sp. nov., alkaliphilic anaerobes from the Continental Soda Lakes in Central Asia and the East African Rift. Int J Syst Bacteriol 1996; 46:305-312. https://doi.org/10.1099/00207713-46-1-305 [PubMed].
  14. Breznak JA, Warnecke F. Spirochaeta cellobiosiphila sp. nov., a facultatively anaerobic, marine spirochaete. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2008; 58:2762-2768. https://doi.org/10.1099/ijs.0.2008/001263-0 [PubMed].
  15. Harwood CS, Canale-Parola E. Spirochaeta isovalerica sp. nov., a marine anaerobe that forms branched-chain fatty acids as fermentation products. Int J Syst Bacteriol 1983; 33:573-579. https://doi.org/10.1099/00207713-33-3-573.
  16. Noguchi H. Pure cultivation of Spirochaeta phagedenis (new species), a spiral organism found in phagedenic lesions on human external genitalia. J Exp Med 1912; 16:261-268. [PubMed].
  17. Zuelzer M. Über Spirochaeta plicatilis Ehrenberg und deren Verwandtschaftsbeziehungen. Arch Protistenkunde 1912; 24:1-59.
  18. Hoover RB, Pikuta EV, Bej AK, Marsic D, Whitman WB, Tang J, Krader P. Spirochaeta americana sp. nov., a new haloalkaliphilic, obligately anaerobic spirochaete isolated from soda Mono Lake in California. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2003; 53:815-821. https://doi.org/10.1099/ijs.0.02535-0 [PubMed].
  19. Shivani Y, Subhash Y, Tushar L, Sasikala Ch, Ramana ChV. Spirochaeta lutea sp. nov., isolated from marine habitats and emended description of the genus Spirochaeta. Syst Appl Microbiol 2015; 38:110-114. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.syapm.2014.11.002 [PubMed].
  20. Magot M, Fardeau ML, Arnauld O, Lanau C, Ollivier B, Thomas P, Patel BKC. Spirochaeta smaragdinae sp. nov., a new mesophilic strictly anaerobic spirochete from an oil field. FEMS Microbiol Lett 1997; 155:185-191. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1574-6968.1997.tb13876.x [PubMed].
  21. No reference is available 2015
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  23. Aksenova HY, Rainey FA, Janssen PH, Zavarzin GA, Morgan HW. Spirochaeta thermophila sp. nov., an obligately anaerobic polysaccharolytic, extremely thermophilic bacterium. Int J Syst Bacteriol 1992; 42:175-177. https://doi.org/10.1099/00207713-42-1-175.
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